Geography. The republic is located in the southwest of the Russian Federation, on the left bank of the Kuban River. It occupies the central part of the Kuban Sloping Plain and the northern slopes of the North-Western Caucasus. It is an enclave: the republic is surrounded by the Krasnodar Territory from all sides. The area is 7,792 km².
Climate. The climate is moderately warm and mild.
- -2, -3°C in January
- +21, +23°C in July
Economy. Adygea is an agro-industrial republic, with such industries as food, woodworking and pulp and paper industries, mechanical engineering, and metalworking.
Logistics. The republic has all modes of transport: highway, air, railway, and river transport (the Kuban River is navigated).
The major railway hub includes main railway lines: Novosibirsk - Krasnodar, Armavir - Tuapse, the Belorechenskaya - Maykop – Kamennomostskiy branch line. Railway transport connects the republic with the Rostov Region, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, and other districts of the North Caucasus.
The capital is the city of Maykop, founded in 1857.
It is one of the most beautiful and comfortable cities in the North Caucasus, the administrative and cultural center in the Republic of Adygea.