从俄语到俄语。在线交流特点 第2部分

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还有一个有意思的网上手段,就是故意用删除线。其代替说错的话:打字的人装他首先写的有错。不过就是这“有错”作为重点,因向读者揭示了,而且还以线标出的(或以“删除线”词标出)。基于这种手段一般构成讽刺或语言玩弄,比如:“在欧洲城市里每个旅客首先去的地方,就是酒吧,当然老城”。

最近,常见спс(谢谢)和дд(下午好)而引起困惑不解或激怒的简短礼貌形式,因为以这种形式,其失去了主要功能,即向对话者表示尊重。如果“谢谢” 经常可看到在朋友通信里,这样缩短会是更恰当的,而“下午好”语句只用在与不大熟悉或不熟悉的人相当正式的交流中,所以不要用缩短。

要单独说明关于“好天(逐字逐句无论是什么昼夜时间好)”的语句。它就出现在互联网时代,因为在一时区白天发的信息立即发送到另一个时区对话者,他那边可能是晚上而接收这个信息。在如此的情况下写“下午好”有些人认为不适当而不礼貌 (但这不是这样,“下午好”是普遍的问候因为“天”有“昼夜”的意思)所以想出来了别的问候形式 “好天”。但现在这视为2000年后众所厌烦的刻板公式。

不过此语句是语法上构成的不对。问候时一般用主格的名词(“早上好”、“下午好”、“晚上好”),而告别时用属格(“晚安”、“祝成功”、“祝好天”)。因此,最好拒绝相当荒唐的“好天”,而回到“您好”词语的用法。

网上标点符号也有自己的特点。一般,网上交流不包含复杂句法结构、形动词和副动词短语,所以大量的逗号、分号、破折号和冒号很少见。但,从标点符号使用规则方面来看,通常需要的标点符号也漏掉。原因很简单,人不要花时间。

因为这些正词法和标点符号的特点,个虚构很普及:网上交流会导致文盲。但实际上,在这主张中因果关系换位置了。相反,那些文盲的人,简直在网上表现出了自己的品质。

连非常有学问的人,在网上对话中不时也会漏掉逗号。因为我们都和密切朋友的交流与领导不一样,所以我们同样在网上形成的语言不像在正式文件中的语言。这是(正常的。

相反,以列夫·托尔斯泰风格组成句子、用中性或高档的形式、总是用大写字母写“您”的网民语言看起来很奇怪。

但,在聊天工具中或在脸书贴子下的评论与朋友交流时符合逻辑的是换格式。有学问的人和文盲人的区别在于有换格式以及会用语言多样性的能力。要不然,有危险成为果戈里N市的女士。她们异常谨慎并在用词方面很讲究礼貌,以及从来不会说:“擤鼻涕了”,而说:“我让了自己的鼻子轻松起来”、“我用了手帕”。

在互联网时代如何交流呢?没有现成的方法。但一件事很清楚:要遵守礼仪规则并考虑到对话者。不过,一直也是这样。

感谢莫斯科国立大学毕业生斯维特拉娜·古里亚诺夫(Svetlana Guryanova)语言学家为提供的材料

1980

ДД(下午好)叶夫根尼(Evgeny),你好吗? 我给您写——还有什么可说的? 基于普希金“叶甫盖尼·奥涅金” 作品情节

23.12.2020

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