Moscow Region

Illustrative photo of the region

Geography. The region is located in the Central Federal District of the Russian Federation, in the central part of the East European (Russian) Plain, in the basin of the Volga, Oka, Klyazma, and Moskva Rivers. It borders the Tver Region in the north and the northwest, the Smolensk Region in the west, the Yaroslavl Region in the northeast, the Vladimir Region in the east, the Ryazan Region in the southeast, the Tula Region in the south, and the Kaluga Region in the southwest.

Climate. The climate is moderately continental with moderately hard winters and warm summers.

Average temperature

  • −9°C in the west of the region and −12°C in the east in January
  • +18°C in the northwest and +21°C in the southeast in July


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Economy. The Moscow Region is a major industrially developed region that contributes significantly to Russia’s economy. The Moscow Region’s industry is very diverse: almost all industries have strong positions in the region, except extraction of mineral resources.


  • Railway transport is one of the most popular modes of transport in the Moscow Region. The region is crossed by one of the largest railway lines in Russia − Moscow – Saint Petersburg. Besides, the region has a lot of railway stations providing communication with other cities and regions of Russia.
  • Highway transport also plays an important part in the Moscow Region’s life. The region has a well-developed network of highways that connect all cities and population centers.
  • The Moscow airport hub consists of four public airports: Sheremetyevo, Vnukovo, Domodedovo, and Bykovo, three of which are international, and is supplemented by the ministerial aerodromes.
  • The Moscow water hub has two river boat stations: Severny (Northern) and Yuzhny (Southern) and three river ports: Severny, Yuzhny, and Zapadny (Western) as well as 23 mooring berths.

The popular cities in the Moscow Region are Kolomna, Sergiev Posad, Serpukhov, Zvenigorod, and Khimki.

Tourist attractions

  • Kolomna Kremlin is a strong fortress with a rich history. Initially, it was made of wood, but it was rebuilt in stone in the 16th century because of its great defense importance. There are several temples built at different times inside the Kremlin. You can go on exciting tours around the territory. The history of the fortress is very rich, in particular, in mythic legends. Music, folklore, and ethnography festivals are often held here.
  • The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is one of the main tourist attractions and the most famous UNESCO site in the Moscow region. At any time of year, it brings together hundreds of pilgrims from all over the world. There are the holy relics of Saint Sergius of Radonezh in the oldest temple of the lavra, and it was Andrei Rublev himself and his apprentices who created icons and frescos for it.
  • Abramtsevo Estate had been a favorite spot for Russian intellectuals since the middle of the 19th century. It is the place where Aksakov wrote his best works. It was visited by Gogol and Turgenev and a whole constellation of famous artists such as Vasiliy Polenov, Viktor and Apollinariy Vasnetsovs, Ilya Repin, Mikhail Vrubel. By the way, it is here that Valentin Serov painted his picture “Girl with Peaches”.
cultural sites
museums and galleries
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