从招生到研究生

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俄罗斯高等教育模式与欧洲标准相近,但也有自己的特点。 除了俄罗斯的经典专家学位,还有一个两级制度——学士和硕士学位。

从哪个级别开始或继续在俄罗斯的职业教育? 高等教育级别之间有什么区别? 回国后有俄罗斯毕业证书能找到工作吗? 高素质人才培养发生了什么变化? 您问 ——我们回答。

俄罗斯高等教育可在大学、学院和科学院接受。 外国学生和俄罗斯公民同等有权在俄罗斯大学接受公费和自费教育,并选择全日制、全日制函授教育或函授学习形式。

博洛尼亚宣言签署后,俄罗斯传统教育级别中除了专家学位外,还出现了学士和硕士学位。 让我们按基本特征比较这些教育级别。

以前教育级别:普通中等教育或同等学历
全日制学习时间:4年
教育证书:学士毕业证书
毕业后资质:学士
教育性质:无狭隘的专业化特定领域的一般基础培训
毕业鉴定表:考国家考试,准备并进行毕业论文答辩
后续教育:硕士

以前教育级别:本科或专科
全日制学习时间:2年
教育证书:硕士毕业证书
毕业后资质:硕士
教育性质:以研究活动为重点的深度理论掌握
毕业鉴定表:考国家考试并进行硕士论文答辩
后续教育:研究生

以前教育级别:普通中等教育或同等学历
全日制学习时间:5年
教育证书:专家毕业证书
毕业后资质:专家
教育性质:在所选方向的行业中进行实际工作
毕业鉴定表:考国家考试并进行论文(项目)答辩
后续教育:硕士或研究生科

以前教育级别:硕士或专家科
全日制学习时间:3-4年
教育证书:副博士学位毕业证书
毕业后资质:研究员、教师研究员
教育性质:所选科学方向的研究
毕业鉴定表:以论文预答辩的形式进行鉴定
后续教育:博士学位

28.10.2021

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