Geography. The region is located in the Far East. It borders the Magadan Region the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the north, the Amur Region in the west, the Jewish Autonomous Region and China in the southwest, the Primorsky Territory in the southeast. The area of the region is 787,633 km². The relief is predominantly mountainous (the mountains occupy over 70% of the territory). The largest plain space is the Middle Amur Plain. The largest lowlands are Nizhneamurskaya, Evoron-Tugurskaya, and Okhotskaya.
Climate. The climate depends on the proximity to the sea and the relief form and pattern. Winters are long, snowy, and harsh. Summers are hot and wet.
- from −22°C in the south to −40°C in the north, from −18°C to −24°C on the coast in January
- +20°C in the south, around +15°C in the north in July
Economy. The main industries are machinery and equipment manufacturing, chemical production, vehicle manufacturing, electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing, metallurgical production, finished metal products manufacturing.
- The highway network is concentrated mainly in the south of the Khabarovsk Territory. The territory is crossed by two federal highways, М60 and М58. The total length of highways is 6,000 km.
- The length of the region’s railway network is 2,100 km. There is the Khabarovsk-1 railway station.
- Khabarovsky (Khabarovsk-Novy) is the largest airport in the region.
- Petroglyphs of Sikachi-Alyan (rock paintings)were discovered as early as the middle of the 19th century. They were made in the early Neolithic period. Both scenes from people’s lives and animals are painted here. Some paintings suggest what the ancient fauna was like.
- The Lotus lakes are located in different parts of the region. The most popular lakes are Tsvetochnoe, Barkhatnoe, and Lonchakovo. You can only see lotuses blooming for several days at the end of July and at the beginning of August. The water surface gets covered with flowers, creating a unique natural cloth. There are many legends and stories about this phenomenon – if you look at the lotus when its buds are opening, you will be lucky all the year round.
- Amur Botanical Garden was founded in 1988. The collection comprises local plants and exotic plants growing across the globe. There are a total of around 600 items in the garden. Thanks to the comfortable conditions created, the species typical of different climatic zones can co-exist.
Monument to Erofey Khabarov
The capital – the city of Khabarovsk – is one of the largest political, educational and cultural centers in the Russian Far East, founded in 1858.
There are several parks in Khabarovsk: Grodekov Central Park, Yuri Gagarin Park, Dynamo Park with the city ponds, Arkady Gaydar Children’s Park, Severny Park, and Vladimir Lenin Stadium Park.