Chechen Republic

Illustrative photo of the region
Rasul70, WikiCommons

Geography. The republic is located in the south of European Russia – in the eastern part of the North Caucasus. It borders Ingushetia in the west, North Ossetia and the Stavropol Territory in the northwest, Dagestan in the northeast, east and southeast, and Georgia in the southwest. The area of the republic is 16,165 km². The relief is diverse, with mountains and plains.

Climate. Chechnya has very diverse climatic conditions. There are all transitional types of climate, from a dry climate in the Tersko-Kumskaya semi-desert to a cold and humid climate in the snowy peaks of the Bokovoy ridge. Summers are hot and long across much of the republic. In the plains and piedmonts, winters are relatively mild but unstable, with frequent thaws.


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Economy. The main industries are agriculture, hunting, and forestry; extraction of mineral resources; manufacturing; production and distribution of electric power, gas and water; civil engineering.


  • Today railway traffic is restored on the sections: Grozny — Moscow, Astrakhan, and Mineralnye Vody. The Grozny — Beslan section is under restoration. 
  • The highway network consists of one federal highway, which is 130 km long, six highways of republican significance, with a total length of 453 km, and local public roads.
  • International airport in the city of Grozny

Tourist attractions

  • Lake Kezenoy-Am is the largest natural body of water in the North Caucasus. It is located in the foothills of the Andiysky ridge at a height of 1,800 m above sea level. Its maximum depth is 72 m and its area is 2.5 km2. The border between Chechnya and Dagestan runs along the lake. Few people want to have a swim in the lake – the water temperature does not rise above +17°С. On the other hand, there are many fishermen here because trout catches well.
  • Two identical Ushkaloy Towers are 12 meters high. They are embedded in the relief of the rock and are located in the famous Argunsky Gorge. The towers were built in the 11th century. The favorable location hid them from enemies while allowing them to spot the danger in time and control the road and the bridge located nearby.
  • Tsoy Pede is one of the largest pre-Islamic funeral structures in the North Caucasus. It dates back to approximately the 5-17th centuries. It is located in the Malkhista Gorge, on the border with Georgia. The funeral complex comprises watch towers, altars, and dozens of vaults with human remains. Some buildings still have petroglyphs.

The capital is the city of Grozny, founded in 1818.


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Grozny is a modern and comfortable city with green public gardens and multi-story apartment buildings that rose in the place of former ruins, with perfect social facilities and с newly found sights. The city has a philharmonic, a republican symphony orchestra, a hippodrome, and a dolphinarium.


Universities in the Chechen Republic

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