Arkhangelsk Region

Illustrative photo of the region
Engine9 at Russian Wikipedia

Geography. The region is located in the north of the East European Plain. It is washed by the White, Barents, and Kara Seas. The area is 589,913 км². It borders Karelia in the west, the Murmansk Region in the north (the borders runs through the White Sea), the Vologda and Kirov Regions in the south, the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area in the northeast (the Nenets Autonomous Area), the Republic of Komi in the east and northeast, the Krasnoyarsk Territory in the east (the borders runs through the Kara Sea).

Climate. The climate is moderately continental. It is oceanic in the northwest and subarctic in the northeast.

  • from −12°C in the southwest to −18°C in the northeast in January
  • from +16–17.6 °C in the south of the region to +8–10 °C in the north in July


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Economy. The Arkhangelsk Region is a region of the forest and fishing industries, modern shipbuilding and Russian cosmonautics, a northern sea gate of Russia, Europe’s only diamond-bearing province, and a raw material resources base for oil and gas extraction and processing. The region has a great potential for agricultural development.


  • The main railway line is the Severnaya (Northern) Railway Arkhangelsk –Moscow. Other important railways are Kotlas – Vologda, Arkhangelsk – Murmansk, Kotlas – Kirov, Arkhangelsk – Karpogory.
  • The main highway is М8 Kholmogory (Moscow – Yaroslavl – Vologda – Arkhangelsk).
  • The principal water transport system is the Severnaya Dvina River with its tributaries. There are sea and river ports: Arkhangelsk, Onega, Mezen, Kotlas (river port).
  • There are three large airports in the region: Talagi International Airport (Arkhangelsk) and airports in Kotlas and Naryan-Mar.

Tourist attractions

  • Mikhail Lomonosov Historical and Memorial Museum. It is located in the building built in the place of the former Lomonosov estate. It preserves, studies and popularizes the landmarks of history, material and spiritual culture about the life and work of the great Russian scientist and scholar Mikhaul Lomonosov.
  • Kenozero National Park is a protected area, an outstanding specimen of North European cultural landscape included in the UNESCO Biosphere Reserves List. One of the unique natural sites is a continental watershed of the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans that formed more than 11,000 years ago. The life of the national park, full of events and festivals, well-developed tourist infrastructure, cherished features of traditional Russian lifestyle and traditions attract researchers, cinema professionals, photographers, and numerous tourists from all over the world. 
  • Kiy Island is a small picturesque stone island overgrown with pines. It is situated by the White Sea not far from the estuary of the Onega River. Tourists are attracted by the White Sea sunsets, coastal waters rich in fish, granite grayness of cliffs, sand beaches and magnificent pine forests, the highly interesting architectural ensemble, and the history of the Kiysky Krestny Monastery.

The capital is the city of Arkhangelsk, founded in 1584.


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Arkhangelsk is the first commercial seaport of Russia with an open northern character, centuries-old traditions of hospitality, interesting history and culture. It is the capital of the vast forest region, coast-dweller seafaring and a point of departure for the famous expeditions to the Arctic.

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