Geography. The region is located in Asian Russia. In the north, it is washed by the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea, and the Arctic Ocean. It includes archipelagos such as Severnaya Zemlya and Nordenskiold; islands such as Arkticheskiy Institut Islands, Sergey Kirov Islands, Komsomolkaya Pravda Islands, Sibiryakov Island, and some other smaller islands.
The area is 2,366.8 sq. km². It borders the Republic of Yakutia and the Irkutsk Region in the east, Tuva and Khakassia in the south, the Kemerovo and Tomsk Regions, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area in the west.
One-third of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is located outside the Arctic Circle.
Climate. The climate varies from severely continental to moderately continental. It is characterized by strong air temperature fluctuations during the year.
- -36°C in the north and -18°C in the south in January
- +10°C and +20°C relatively in July
Chapel on Karaulnaya Mountain
Economy. The Krasnoyarsk Territory is one of the largest Russian manufacturers of non-ferrous metals. It is also one of the leaders in coal mining, manufacturing of grain harvesters, household refrigerators and freezers, sawn half-timbers, industrial wood, and in electric power output.
Logistics. The region’s transport system includes all kinds of transport, including pipeline transport.
- Four main highways (М53, М54, Р409, Р408)
- Automobile transport is well developed: there are 26 airports in the region. The international airport in Krasnoyarsk is the largest one.
- Krasnoyarsk railway station
- The Karaulnaya cave is located on the bank of the Yenisei River 5 km from the Udachny settlement. The cave is 540 meters long. The cave has a natural origin. It was formed due to a slow rock failure. The first tier of the cave is occupied by the Ledovyi grotto that has a crawlway to the gallery with beautiful calcitic covers. There is a cave lake in the Kapelny grotto.
- Kinzelyuk Waterfall is rightfully called a pearl of the Central Sayan Mountains – it is 400 meters high. The waterfall’s shape is unique. Despite its big height, it does not form any cascades and rapids and falls down as a wide single stream. The Siberian taiga views around the waterfall are amazingly picturesque.
- The Permafrost Museum is a regional natural history complex located in the town of Igarka. It is the world’s only museum that has an underground cave in the permafrost layer. The museum’s corridors and halls are located at a depth of 14 meters.
The capital is the city of Krasnoyarsk, founded in 1628. It is the largest of the old Siberian cities and Russia’s easternmost city with a million-plus population. Its population is 1,196,913 residents.
Krasnoyarsk is a very beautiful city, a major research and education and sports center in Russia. The city has a philharmonic with an organ hall, plenty of sports facilities, and a zoo with the richest collection.