外国学生就业

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所有学生都有机会将工作和学习结合起来。 然而,对于外国人来说,这种权利是有限的。 为了消除这种不公平现象,去年决定简化他们的就业程序。 根据新规定,外国学生无需获得特别许可或专利即可在俄罗斯找到工作,在空闲时间合法赚取外快。

法律依据

该权利仅适用于 18 岁以上的成人学生、全日制学生和预科学生。对于函授生,这条法律是无关紧要的。让我们看看俄罗斯法律发生了什么变化*。

  1. 此前,国际学生可以从事的工作范围仅限于工作许可中指定的职业。让雇员参与其他活动将被雇主处以罚款。现在,随着工作许可证的废除,外国学生可以参与任何类型的活动而不受任何制裁。
  2. 法律修正案通过前的工作许可和劳动合同的签发期限为1年。今天,合同期限仅受学生在教育机构学习的时间限制。即,因任何原因完成培训后,劳动合同终止。

法律规定,在受国家认可的俄罗斯大学学习的外国学生如果符合以下条件,则可以免于获得带薪工作许可:

  • 在假期或实习期间工作
  • 业余时间在他们学习的教育机构与其结构部门作为普通雇员工作
  • 来自欧亚经济联盟成员国(亚美尼亚、白俄罗斯、哈萨克斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦)的学生完全不需要获得工作许可。根据俄罗斯劳动法,外国学生在大学的就业不受限制,只要满足劳动法而员工符合移民要求

在所有其他情况下,外国学生在公司和其他组织中的就业必须在他们单独向内务部机构申请工作许可情况下才可行。

与雇主签订雇佣或民法合同时,您首先需要提供大学或学院的证明,说明您正在那里学习。如果公司说要签订合同,必须先出示工作许可证,他们错了,这是违法的。

工作许可证的注册需要几个星期,并且将花费几千卢布(关税和医疗证明)。首先您需要提交文件进行验证并通过体检,然后,如果需要,补充缺乏的证书和更正的文件,最后获得许可证。

*第 13 条联邦法律“关于外国公民在俄罗斯联邦的法律地位”

10.09.2021

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