banner

Overseas students turn away from US

The number of new international students enrolling at United States universities and colleges went down by almost 7% last year, according to official data published this month.

It's the second year in a row that the number of new international enrolments in the US has declined, denting a market worth £42bn (£33bn) to the US economy last year.

Prof Simon Marginson, of Oxford University, an expert on trends in international students, says there is "little doubt" this downturn is related to the Trump administration.

He says it's a combination of the anti-immigration messages putting off applicants and the tightening of the student visa system.

'Political environment'

The International Institute of Education, which gathers the annual data, asked potential recruits about reasons for not studying in the US, and found a mix of politics, practicalities and cost.

The visa application process was the single biggest disincentive - but also frequently cited was the "social and political environment in the US".

The high cost of tuition was mentioned but so too was "feeling unwelcome in the US" and concerns about "physical safety in the US".

The biggest falls are from places such as India, South Korea, Mexico and Saudi Arabia.

But there's also been a decline in numbers going to US universities from the UK, Germany and France.

What's really striking about the fall in enrolments is that it's the reversal of a pattern of growth that has lasted for decades.

Soft power

The United States has been remarkably successful in attracting the world's biggest share of the international student market.

In the early 1960s, there were about 50,000 international students in the US. And this figure grew year after year, so it had risen more than tenfold by 2000 to over 500,000.

In 2015, there were more than a million overseas students in the US.

There are financial benefits but it's also been seen as an important part of US "soft power" and promoting the country's global influence.

The overall numbers of international students in the US system has continued to nudge upwards, because of the growth of a scheme that allows students to stay in the US for up to three years to develop work skills after graduating.

Depending on China

But the significant dip in new students enrolling - down 10% over two years - suggests that many decades of rising popularity has stalled.

There would have been a bigger fall, except for the relentless increase in demand from Chinese students, who are by far the biggest group of overseas students in the US.

Between 2000 and 2018, the number of Chinese students in the US rose from 60,000 to more than 360,000, mostly concentrated in subjects such as science, technology, maths and business.

They bring billions of dollars into US higher education.

But Prof Marginson, director of the Centre for Global Higher Education, says there would be "potentially catastrophic implications" for US university incomes if any diplomatic row or trade dispute stopped the flow of Chinese students.

The latest figures show how much US higher education looks to Asia for its international student connections, rather than to Western countries.

UK numbers down

China and India account for half of all the overseas students in the US - and there are more Iranian students in the US than those from the UK.

The UK is the biggest European sender of students to the US but still accounts for only 1% of its international intake.

There are about 11,500 UK students in the US system, with slight falls in the past couple of years.

There was an increase when tuition fees rose in England but forecasts of a surge in numbers going to US universities never really materialised.

Another challenge for the US is the rising popularity of other university systems - particularly Australia and Canada.

Prof Marginson published research earlier this year showing that Australia is overtaking the UK as the second biggest destination for overseas students.

Canada has also seen big increases in overseas students - presenting itself as a welcoming, liberal North American alternative to the United States.

But the US government says it remains committed to attracting international students.

Marie Royce, Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs, said they were a "tremendous asset to the United States".

"We want to send a message that international education makes us stronger as a country," she said.

Source

Table of Contents

Learn Russian in Siberia: Tomsk Polytechnic University

VŠB–Technical University of Ostrava: academic and reasearch partnership

The history of cooperation of Saint Petersburg State Agrarian University with China

International Cooperation in Amur State University

Education Export in Ulyanovsk State Technical University

Kazakh Universities Ranking 2018 Top 20

The EdCrunch conference team has published a full list of foreign speakers

HED Club: Education Advertising and Partner Search

Finding Balance between New and Familiar Goals to Become the Best University

HED CLUB: international relations, education news and events in higher education

International Education Exhibition, the annual international student recruitment fair in Azerbaijan

IUNC Americas 2018

Joint Bavarian-Russian Conference “Chemistry meets Biomedicine”

United World Colleges: Applications for the 2019 – 20 school year are now open

OPEN INNOVATIONS Forum 2018. Transformation of education in digital age

International students in Kazahstan: achievements and prospects

EduTraC Oman 2018 - International Exhibition for Higher Education

U-NOVUS Forum: Science & Technology Dive

Entrepreneurship and innovations in the Asia-Pacific region markets

The Forum of Worldwide Energy Universities Network Establishment

Trends, Problems and Perspectives of Quality Assurance in Higher Education of Kazakhstan

Kazakh university rankings by fields of study

Higher education institutions in Kazakhstan: quality assurance and internationalization

OPEN INNOVATIONS Forum 2018. The latest developments in Medicine

OPEN INNOVATIONS Forum 2018. STEAM Learning Model: 'Five-in-One'

Pyatigorsk State University: developing international cooperation and partnership relations between Russia and Germany

North Rhine-Westphalia and the Russian Federation: sharing experience in digitalization and information technology, natural sciences and engineering

EdCrunch-2018: in the forefront of education modernization

A cooperation agreement between Volgograd State University and the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Tajikistan

The International Conference "Environmental, Industrial and Energy Security" at Sevastopol State University

The delegation of embassy representatives from 18 European countries visited Tomsk State University

uniRank publishes 2018 YouTube University Ranking

THE University Ranking of Eurasia Nations published for the first time in Kazan

The future of Russian and foreign education was discussed at Kazan Federal University

12th Azerbaijan International Education Exhibition

MEDIA support of internationalization in higher education

How to teach 'digital natives': education in the age of high technologies

The Open Innovations Forum: Smart Country

The Open Innovations Forum: Conclusions

Kazan Federal University and Kazakh universities will launch double degree Master's programs

The II Ufa International Education Fair 'Education of the Future'

Countdown to CAIE COLOMBIA-2019

Twenty-four Russian HEIs in TOP 100 of BRICS University Ranking

Leading Russian universities will propose measures to improve competitiveness

The International Forum in Kirov: Inclusive Education in Higher Education Institutions

Inclusive higher education: problems, experience and development prospects

Trends of development of higher school in Russia and in the world were discussed at Higher School of Economics

International Forum on Inclusive Higher Education in Kirov: Results and Prospects

THE Research Excellence Summit in Moscow: Transformation towards World-Class Research in the Natural Sciences

Ufa International Education Fair-2018: Modern Educational Technologies

Digital Transformation of Education

Russian universities offer free education to international students

NIRF India Ranking 2019 application deadline approaching

Pursue your Master's degree in Russian universities free of charge

Baikal International Education Fair-2018 'Education of the Future'

Memorandum of understanding signed by Kazan Federal University and Huawei

The 10th Anniversary All-Arab Forum of alumni of Soviet and Russian universities opened in Cairo

Populism is a threat to internationalization in Sweden

The International Conference on Open Learning and Education Technologies (ICOLET-2019)

International student boom in Australia could evaporate

The teacher training model of Kazan Federal University presented in Dresden

The branch of MGIMO is to open in Azerbaijan

Erasmus+ Capacity Building in the field of higher education

Baikal International Education Fair-2018: the first day

Overseas students turn away from US

Project 5-100 universities have increased their presence in THE subject rankings

Representatives of Kazan Federal University took part in the IV Russian-Iranian Forum of Rectors

The UAE Government adopts Moscow's experience in developing school education

Moscow International University Ranking "The Three University Missions": issue 2018 released

Baikal International Education Fair: results

The Strategy for Development of Russian Education Export

University without borders: How Russian universities enter the export market

Rector of RUDN: mutual recognition of education improves performance of universities

Veliky Novgorod will become a center of educational innovations in December

The Iraqi Ambassador visited Ulyanovsk State Technical University

The Near East is ready to actively introduce Russian educational technologies

Eurasian economic outlook: development in the context of global changes

Russia and Germany have signed a roadmap for cooperation in science and education

The Institute of Geology of Kazan Federal University discussed the further international strategy

Kazan Federal University and Freiberg Mining Academy will implement the expanded double degree program in 2019

Rectors’ bodies of 10 nations sign ‘Vienna Declaration’

Japan: agents competing with universities for outbound mobility – JAOS

Exchanges are the low-debt option for studying abroad